Gorongosa National Park is at the most southern tip of the African Great Rift Valley in the heart of central Mozambique. The 4,000 square km park includes the valley floor and parts of the surrounding plateaus. Rivers originating on nearby 1860m high Mount Gorongosa gush down into the parks plains. Seasonal flooding and water logging of the valley, which is composed of a mosaic of different soil types, creates a variety of distinct ecosystems. Grasslands are dotted with patches of Acacia and savannah, dry forest on sands and seasonally rain-filled pans and termite hill thickets. The park contains Palm, Fever, Miombo, Lowland and Rain Forest. This combination of unique features at one time supported some of the densest wildlife populations in all of Africa, including charismatic carnivores, herbivores and over 500 bird species. But large mammal numbers were reduced by as much as 95% and ecosystems stressed during Mozambique's long civil conflict. The Gorongosa Restoration Project has teamed with the Government of Mozambique to protect and restore the ecosystem of Gorongosa National Park and to develop an ecotourism industry to benefit local communities. The park is regenerating and is getting better every year.